WASHINGTON – The United States remains a dominant country of destination for immigrants,according to the 2005 World Migration Report released Thursday.
Having worked on the report for the past year,the International Organization for Migration,headquartered in Geneva,has been tracing world migration for more than 50 years.
“People are coming into the United States and Canada in large numbers,” Frances E. Sullivan,regional representative of the International Organization for Migration,said at a National Press Club news conference to release the report.
“The United States is trying to manage the immigration better,to be able to provide regular migration opportunities to individuals coming in for labor purposes in the United States,” Sullivan said.
Though the events of Sept. 11,2001,may end up significantly influencing the management of future immigration flows,they have not decreased the immigration rate so far,the report says.
According to the 2005 report,every 34th citizen in the world is a migrant. Approximately seven of those 34 live in the United States,which is home to 35 million of the world's migrant population of 188 million.
In the United States,for every four persons coming in,only one is moving out. This figure is different in Europe and Australia,where for every three individuals coming into the country,two decide to leave their native land.
Since 1990,the U.S. population has increased enormously,by 45 million. In 1990,the U.S. population was approximately 248 million people; 14 years later,it had risen to 293 million.
The report says that 7 million of 20 million Latin American and Caribbean migrants worldwide reside legally in the United States. Other foreign-born U.S. residents come from Asia,accounting for 26 percent; Europe,16 percent; Africa,3 percent; and Oceania 1 percent.
Most immigrants living in the United States,however,remain undocumented.
Mexico,whose government has cooperated with the United States to stem illegal immigration,tops the 2002 list of home countries for undocumented immigrants to the United States,accounting for 57 percent. Latin America's illegal immigrants in the Unites States are estimated at 23 percent. Asia is less,some 10 percent,and the lowest from Europe,Canada and Africa,reaching only 5 percent combined.